Resume Peparation and Attending the Interview

COMPONENTS OF EFFECTIVE RESUME WRITING

 

  • NAME
  • COMPLETE MAILING ADDRESS
  • TELEPHONE NUMBER
  • EDUCATION
  • WORK EXPERIENCE
  • EMPLOYMENT – RELATED TRAINING AND ADDITIONAL COURSES
  • SPECIFIC SKILLS
  • REFERENCES

OPTIONAL

  • PERSONAL DATA
  • CAREER OBJECTIVE
  • HOBBIES/INTERESTS

 

TIPS FOR RESUME WRITING

  • A RESUME SHOULD FIT ON ONE OR TWO PAGES
  • YOU SHOULD AVOID USING UNATTRACTIVE FLIMSY PAPER
  • DO NOT USE FLASHY PAPER
  • ALWAYS PROOF READ FOR ERRORS AND CHECK YOUR SPELLING
  • AVOID USING JARGON AND ABBREVIATIONS

N.B. BE CONSISTENT, EITHER SPELL OUT OR ABBREVIATE ALL ACADEMIC DEGREES

  • THE TENSE USED SHOULD ALL AGREE
  • USE THE SAME GRAMATICAL FORM FOR RELATED POINTS
  • CUSTOMISE, EMPHASIZE ON JOB EXPERIENCE OVER OTHER DEPENDING ON THE POSITION YOU ARE SEEKING
  • MUST BE CLEAN, NEAT AND EASY TO READ
  • ALWAYS TYPE YOUR RESUME OR HAVE IT PRINTED
  • AVOID GENERALISATIONS, EXAGGERATIONS AND FABRICATIONS.

TYPES OF RESUME

  • THE CHRONOLOGICAL RESUME – the most traditional form. It lists everything in the reverse chronological order.
  • THE FUNCIONAL RESUME - highlights areas of similarity or consistency. It is used when your progress in a specific career is sketchy but when you have success in some categories.
  • THE COMBINATION RESUME – this blend both formats.

 

HOW TO PREPARE FOR A JOB INTERVIEW

The job interview is a method used to assess your suitability for the job.  Several persons are interviewed for the same job.  In order to show your prospective employer that you are the one best suited for the job, you need to prepare both mentally and physically.

BEFORE THE INTERVIEW

  • Find out as much as possible about the job for which you applied for e.g. duties, responsibilities and skills required.
  • Prepare yourself mentally by thinking of some possible questions you may be asked.
  • Prepare questions to ask the interviewer.
  • Think of the salary you would like to receive.
  • Place all information and documents to be taken to the interview in one envelope or on file. You may need the following –
  1. Academic Qualification
  2. Resume
  3. Testimonial
  4. Birth Certificate/Identification/Passport.
  5. Pen and notebook
  • Check the time, date and place of the interview.
  • Find out the dress code of the work place.
  • Prepare your clothes early
  • Do not be late for the interview.
  • Get a good night’s rest.

CREATE THE RIGHT IMPRESSION AT THE INTERVIEW

Factors that determine the kind of impression you create: -

  • APPEARANCE: Dress neatly and appropriately for the work environment
  • PUNCTUALITY: You should be on time for the interview. You should arrive 5-10 minutes early so that you would have time to calm yourself before you meet your interviewer.
  • MANNERS: Be courteous to everyone you meet. Approach the receptionist politely with the greeting for the day; state your name and business.
  • ATTITUDE: In order to create a favorable impression, you must appear self-confident, positive and enthusiastic.
  • BODY LANGUAGE: much of what is communicated is done with body language (body movements, gestures, tone of voice mannerisms).
  • SPEECH: Speak clearly and use standard English. Avoid slang or dialect.

 

THE INTERVIEW STRUCTURE

  • Greeting and introduction – Establishing rapport
  • Exchanging information: - Listen carefully to each question
  • Think before you answer
  • Ask for clarification
  • Respond to questions specially and concisely
  • Avoid yes or no one word answers
  • Answer truthfully

Do not inquire about salary, bonuses or benefits until there is some indication for you to do so.

Ask pertinent questions to show knowledge and enthusiasm

  • Closing the interview: - This is the final stage of the interview. The interviewer “wraps up” the interview at this point and thank you for your time.

AFTER THE INTERVIEW

  • If you think that a thank you note is in order, make it brief and handwritten.
  • Keep a journal and make notes about every interview.
  • After every interview do a brief self-evaluation.